General Information

In Germany and in several other countries, there are minimum standards regulated by law, regarding the requirement to carry First-Aid-Boxes, First-Aid-Bags, Safety Products as well as regarding the appropriation of first-aid-material in companies.

Used material has to be disposed and replaced. Also unused material has to be checked on a regular base. The sterile parts in a First-Aid-Kit are attached with a date of expiry. When this date is exceeded, the material has to be replaced.

In Traffic

In Germany, the Obligation of entraining a First-Aid-Box or a First-Aid-Bag in the vehicle is regulated by § 35h Road Traffic Act (StVZO). The content of a First-Aid-Kit for vehicles has to be according to the DIN-Norm 13164. To fail to carry first-aid material in your vehicle or the entrainment of expired material can lead to the fact that you may have to pay a fine of 5 to 25 €.

In countries like Italy or Spain, warning clothes have to be carried in all vehicles. But only few know, that in Germany, there is a prescription for the carrying of warning clothes in company cars, for a long time. This obligation can be found in the § 31 and § 56 of the BGV D 29. Amongst other issues, it´s written, that: „The employer has to provide mechanically driven, multilane vehicles with adequate warning clothes for at least one insurant.

In terms of these obligation, warning clothes are adequate, when they are in line with the DIN EN 471 "Warning Clothes; testing methods and requirements and if the clothes are in line with these requirements:

- Warning Clothes design (subsec. 4.1) at least class 2 according to chart 1,

- Color (subsec. 5.1) fluorescent orange-red or fluorescent yellow according to chart 2,

- minimum coefficient of retroreflection (subsec. 6.1) class 2 according to chart 5.

For special workings, such as break-down services, there can be further requirements toward the warning clothes.

It is an administrative offence, in the sense of §710 subsec. 1 KVO, to act negligent against §31 subsec. 1.

Furthermore, according to § 53 StVZO the entrainment of a warning-triangle is mandatory, to mark broken-down vehicles or other danger areas.

When you click here you will get to a list, which shows you the regulations regarding the entrainment of First Aid Material, Warning-Triangle and Warning Vest, in different countries.

 

At Working Places

The regulation regarding workplaces (ArbStättV) and the „Regulation regarding the prevantion of accidents, priciples of prevention“, respectively BGV A1 say, that depending on the kind of company and the quantity of employees, special First Aid Kits in a particular number have to be appropriated in companies.

In these Company-First Aid Kits all sterile components have to be replaced after the date of expiry (BGI 509).


Minimum Quantities

AQuantity of First Aid Kits according to DIN 13157 ("Small First Aid Kit"), DIN 13169 ("Big First Aid Kit") according to ASR 4.3:
Kind of Company / Workplace
Anzahl der Verbandkästen mit Füllung laut DIN
DIN 13157 DIN 13169 DIN 13169
Building Sites 1 FAK for up to 10 insurants 1 FAK for 11 to 50 insurants 1 more FAK for each 50 more insurants
Manufacturing Companies, Converting Companies and comparable Companies 1 FAK for up to 20 insurants 1 FAK for 21 to 100 insurants 1 more FAK for each 100 more insurants
Adminisrative and Trading Companies 1 FAK for up to 50 insurants 1 FAK for 51 to 300 insurants 1 more FAK for each 300 more insurants

Contents

The contents of DIN 13157 which are mandatory for workplaces include everything that is also included in the FAK for vehicles according to DIN 13164. Additionally mandatory are: Finger-Tip-Plaster, Finger-Plaster - 120 mm × 20 mm, Plasterstrip, Eye Compresse, Instant Cooling Compresse, Non Woven Dressing, Plastic Bagl and a different scissor. The differences between a FAK according to DIN 13169 and a FAK according to DIN 13157 are, that they provide the double amount of contents (except scissor, First-Aid-Brochure and index).

Table of Contents for DIN 13157, 13169, 13164

Term Stückzahl laut DIN
Adhesive Tape DIN 13019 - A 5 m × 2,5 cm 1 2 1
Plaster DIN 13019 - E 100 cm × 8 cm, water-repellent - - -
Plaster DIN 13019 - E 10 cm × 6 cm 8 16 8
Finger-Tip-Plaster 4* 8* -
Plaster DIN 13019 - E 18 cm × 2 cm -* -* -
Finger-Plaster - 120 mm × 20 mm 4* 8* -
Plasterstrip- 19 mm x 72 mm 4* 8* -
Plasterstrip - 25 mm x 72 mm 8* 16* -
First Aid Package DIN 13151 - K 1* 2* -
First Aid Package DIN 13151 - M 3 6 3
First Aid Package DIN 13151 - G 1* 2* 1
Dressing Pack DIN 13152 - BR -* -* 2
Dressing Pack DIN 13152 - A 1 2 1
Dressing Pack DIN 13152 - B - - -
Compresse - 100 mm x 100 mm 6 12 6
Eye Compresse – single, sterile packed, min. size 50 mm × 70 mm 2 4 -
Instant Cooling Compresse – area of min. 200 cm² 1* 2* -
Rescue Blanket - 2,1 m × 1,6 m 1 2 1
Elastic Bandage DIN 61634 - FB 6 2* 4* 2#
Elastic Bandage DIN 61634 - FB 8 2* 4* 3#
Lattice Bracing for extremities - min. 4 m gedehnt -* -* -
Triangular Bandage DIN 13168 - D 2 4 2
Scissor DIN 58279 - B 190 1 1 1
Finger Cot, large - - -
Plastic Bag - min. 300 mm × 400 mm 2 4 -
Non-Woven-Dressing - min. 200 mm × 300 mm 5* 10* -
Disposable glove according to DIN EN 455 4 8 4
Lamp for clinical diagnostics - - -
Card to place on injured person - - -
First Aid Brochure 1 1 1
Index 1 1 1

* according to change of standard 2009

# or gauze bandage DIN 61631 - MB - 6 CV/CO respectively - MB - 8 CV/CO